ISRO is managed by the Department of Science which in turn reports to the Prime Minister of India. ISRO is one of the six space agencies in the world with the capability to build and launch satellites from its own soil. ISRO has agreed to launch 23 foreign satellites of nine different nations including Algeria, Canada, Indonesia, Singapore and Japan. The first rocket launch into space from Indian soil took place on 21st November 1963 under the leadership of project scientist Praful Bhavsar.
India became the first nation to launch satellites in one rocket. SLV-3 was India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle and Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the director of the project. ISRO’s expenditure in the last 40 years is equal to half of NASA’s single year budget. ISRO has also developed Bhuvan, a web-based 3D satellite imagery tool which is the Indian incarnation of Google Earth. ISRO’s Mars Mission is the cheapest so far, just 450 crores i.e, Rs.12/km, equivalent to auto fare. India is the only country to reach the Mars in its first attempt. Is there a better success story of India than ISRO?